Information and guidance for employers on supporting employees who have cancer including legal obligations
Due to Coronavirus (COVID-19), there may be further support required for your employee who has had cancer in the past, or is currently undergoing investigation or treatment.
They may be in the category identified by the Scottish Government at very high risk of severe illness from COVID-19. To protect themselves, they have been issued with a letter informing them of
shielding (external site) and what this means for them.
Within this shielding letter, there is lots of information on support for them. They can also use this to provide evidence to you as their employer that they cannot work outside their own home.
If they have not received a letter requesting them to follow shielding protocol, you may find that they still fall into a category of higher risk. This can be identified by the fact they get offered the flu vaccine by their GP. They do not need to accept this offer, but they need to have been classified by their GP as needing it because of their health condition.
This page offers an overview of cancer for the employer, employee and self-employed. It touches on work and non-work related cancer types, legislation, work sustainability and support networks available to help in meeting individuals' needs. More detailed guidance on supporting staff to remain in work can also be found under our
Supporting employees with long term health conditions pages.
Cancer can take many years, or even decades to develop, (a long latency period) some individuals may have an increased risk of cancer due of predisposing factors and lifestyle. Cancer can also be caused through exposures due to the work that people do.
There are five main cancer groups, based on the type of cell the cancer starts in
The cancers that we are more familiar with are classified according to where they start in the body, for example lung cancer.
Work related cancers can be caused by increased or uncontrolled exposure to occupational carcinogens in the form of Biological, Chemical and Physical compounds. Exposures can come from direct or indirect skin contact, breathing in or ingesting a carcinogenic substance. There are a wide range of work related situations that can lead to exposure including work with
Shift work has been linked to a possible increase risk of cancer and this is the focus of a number of research studies.
Certain forms of occupational cancers may currently be compensable under theDepartment for Work and Pensions Industrial Injuries and Disablement Benefit (IIDB) Scheme.
More information on the causes of, and research into the expected work related cancer burden for the UK can be found on the
HSE web site. This research helps HSE determine priorities for future activity and these priority substances and occupations requiring support.
Instruction of Occupational Medicine (IOSH) and the
British Occupational Hygiene Society (BOHS) both have cancer campaign web pages with information on work related cancers and prevention strategies for workplaces.
Health Surveillance allows for early identification of ill health and helps identify any corrective action needed. Health surveillance may be required by law if your employees are exposed to noise or vibration, solvents, fumes, dusts, biological agents and other substances hazardous to health, or work in compressed air.
Our Health Risks web pages have advice on protecting workers from exposure to substances that affect your skin and your breathing.
Read more about health risks
Cancer is not a single disease with a single cause. Knowing an individuals' history, both medical and occupational is the only way to establish the relationship between the disease and the cause. However, what is known is that individuals' have predisposing factors which can influence their risk factors including
And lifestyle choices such as overexposure to ultraviolet levels (from sun or sunbeds), level of alcohol consumption, smoking and obesity.
We know that not just one thing creates a cancer and that our risk actually depends on a combination of our genes, our environment and things to do with our lifestyle. It has been widely accepted that your chances of developing cancer are affected by the lifestyle choices you make.
Workplaces are in a good position to help influence choices around a healthy life style and taking steps to do so, could lead to a healthy working life.
Your workplace may wish to invest if a programme to develop a healthy workforce and provide advice or health awareness on work and non-work-related cancers. Targeting awareness around the following topics may aid awareness and prevention:
Read more about health improvement in the workplace
For information on workplace health, safety and wellbeing, contact your local health board team