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Your legal duties and steps you can take to improve fire safety

Fire presents a significant risk to businesses. It can kill or seriously injure employees or visitors and can also damage or destroy buildings, equipment or stock. 

The Scottish Fire Rescue Service is the body responsible of enforcing fire legislation within Scotland. They may visit your premises to ensure that you have taken the necessary precautions to manage fire hazards within your organisation.

Use the links below to find information on identifying and managing the risk of fire within your organisation. 

  1. Common fire related hazards
  2. Fire safety precautions
  3. Fire safety training
  4. Fire safety legislation

4. Fire safety legislation

Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006 and Fire (Scotland) Act 2005

General fire safety requirements are explained under the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005 and the Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006.‚Äč

Legisaltion states that those who are responsible for premises must manage fire safety on those premises. This includes

  • owners
  • employers
  • managers
  • employees
  • others occupying non-domestic premises.

This requires that you put fire safety measures in place for

  • planning
  • organisation
  • management
  • control
  • monitoring
  • review.

These measures should be appropriate to the size of the premises and the nature of the activities.

You can find out more about your duties on the Scottish Fire Rescue Service site.

Visit the Scottish Fire Rescue Service site for your legal duties

Fire risk assessment

Those responsible should take steps to prevent and reduce the impact of fire on the workplace and carry out a fire risk assessment of their workplace. The assessment should identify details of anyone that may be especially at risk. It should be in writing and reviewed regularly. 

Emergency plan

You must nominate people to undertake any special roles which are required under the emergency plan. You need to provide them with specific training to allow them to fulfil their duties. You should also provide guidance to employees about fire precautions in the workplace through

  • information
  • instruction
  • training.

You must consult your employees, their elected representatives or appointed trade union safety representatives about nominating people to carry out fire safety roles.

If you share a workplace then you need to co-operate to control and reduce fire risks. In addition you should inform each other of any significant risk which could affect the safety of employees.

While creating an emergency plan you should establish a suitable means of contacting the emergency services. You also need to ensure that emergency services can gain access to your premises in an emergency.